Foam Extinguishing Systems

Foam extinguishing systems, extinguish the fire by covering the surface of the burning surface with the extinguishing foam, that’s to say cutting off the air contact.



Fire-fighting foam is formed by the expansion of the foam solution with water and air under pressure. Therefore, fire-fighting foam consists of 3 main components: foam solution, water and air.


The main features of Sparkling Fire Extinguishing Systems, which have an effective extinguishing effect:

* It cuts the contact of the burning surface with air (Oxygen).

* Prevents evaporation on the burning surface.

* Helps to cool surfaces that are on or around the burning surface.


Foam extinguishing systems are divided into three groups according to the expansion properties of the fire-extinguishing foam.


Low Expansion Foams: Up to 20: 1

Medium Expansion Foams: between 20: 1 and 200: 1

High Expansion Foams: higher than 200: 1



The Foam Concentrate types are being investigated according to the fields or production sources used;


• Protein Based Foam Concentrate (P)

• Flouroprotein Based Foam Concentrate (FP)

• Alcohol and Solvent-Resistant Flouroprotein Based Dog Concentrate (FP-AR)

• Water-based Film-forming Flouroprotein-Based Foam Concentrate (FFFP)

• Saturated Hairy Flouroprotein Based Foam Concentrate (FFFP - AR)

• Aqueous Film-forming Synthetic Foam Concentrate (AFFF)

• Alcohol and Solvent Durable Water and Film-forming Synthetic Foam Concentrate (AFFF-AR)

• Synthetic Based High Expansion Foam Concentrates (Meteor P +)

Examples of the uses of foam systems especially in fires where water extinguishing power is not enough, are presented below;

  • Fuel, flammable chemical tanks (Warehouses),

  • Overflow ponds and stations,

  • Aircraft and helicopter hangars,

  • Production areas for flammable materials, production lines,

  • Forest fire defense (Aircraft and vehicle),

  • Marine chemical tankers, cargo tanks,

  • At shipyards, pools, docks, piers and marinas,

  • On all production sites in refineries,

  • At airport maintenance facilities,

  • In pharmaceutical, chemical, paint, food, rubber, printing and plastics industries

Foam system applications use the following products:


• Mobile Foam Applicators

• Fixed Foam Applicators

• Foam Cupboards

• Mobile Foam Proportioners

• Horizontal and Vertical Bladder (Diaphragm) Tanks

• Bladder (Diaphragm) Tank Type Proportioners

• Hydraulic Concentration Valves

• Foam Pumps

• Pump Type Proportioners

• Line type (Inline) foam proportioners

• Foam Chamber

• Foam Maker

• Foam Generator

• Foam Nozzles

• Water and Foam Monitors

• Monitors for mobile use

• Fixed type monitors

• Self-oscillating Monitors

• Hydraulic Controlled Monitors

• Remote Controlled Monitors

• Compressed air foam (CAFS) units